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Tanzania Demographics

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Population in Tanzania

2002 population + housing census

Gender Total Rural Urban
Both 34,443,603 26,500,042 7,943,561
Male 16,829,861 16,829,861 3,897,182
Female 17,613,742 17,613,742 4,046,379

Population in Age Groups

Age Group Population
0 – 4 5,664,907
5 – 9 5,130,448
10 – 14 4,443,257
15 – 19 3,595,735
20 – 24 3,148,513
25 – 29 2,801,965
30 – 49 6,232,250
50 – 69 2,519,114
70 – 80+ 907,414

Demographics

  • Infant Mortality: 95 – 99/1,000 live births
  • Under 5 Mortality: 97 – 100/1,000 live births
  • Life expectancy: 42 – 45 yrs
  • Orphans under 15: 9%
  • Causes of death in children: Malaria, Diarrhea, respiratory diseases (including Pneumonia & Anaemia).
  • Morbidity rate: Infants 55%, under 5yrs 55% and 5-18yrs 35%. Malaria a/c’s for 38% of morbidity.
  • Causes of death in women: HIV/AIDS, followed by Malaria & Tuberculosis.
  • Avg. Annual Income: US $270 (i.e. less than $1 a day)
  • Adult literacy (15yrs & over): 76% (i.e. 15yrs & over who can either read/write Eng. Kiswahili & Arabic.)
  • Ratio of schooling children: 1 out of every 5 children attend school.
  • No. of Children not enrolled: 11.5 million children not enrolled in school.
  • Religion: 45% Muslims, 45% Christians, indigenous believes 10%.
Contact Details
  • The Desk and Chair Foundation
  • 95 Valley Road
  • Rickmansworth
  • Hertfordshire
  • WD3 4BL
  • Phone: +44 (0)1923 711000
  • Registered UK charity 1103895
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